The Philippines are facing both disaster- and conflict-induced displacements, with the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) registering among the highest numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs). In the BARMM provinces of Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi (BASULTA), the majority of IDPs live in evacuation centers or with the host population (the so-called ‘home-based’) and only have limited access to basic services. Some are newly displaced, while others are in protracted situations. In Tawi-Tawi, in addition to the IDPs a number of people are also at risk of becoming stateless.
While UNHCR in collaboration with the government has been monitoring movements of displaced people in the Mindanao region since 2012, it has been challenging to collect data on the changing displacement situation in the BASULTA island provinces due to access issues. Thus, UNHCR Philippines together with the Ministry of the Interior Local Government (MILG), Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) and the Ministry of Social Services and Development (MSSD) have decided in August 2019 to jointly conduct a profiling exercise, and asked JIPS for technical support throughout the process.