A political crisis in 1993 and subsequent conflict between 1995 and 2008 caused significant displacement in Burundi. As of 2010, while many IDPs and refugees were able to return to their homes, along with former combatants and demobilised soldiers, the situation remained unstable. Returnees found their livelihoods and social fabric irreversibly changed and many continued to live under the threat of further displacement.
In response to these challenges, the Burundian government developed a national reintegration strategy, which was validated in 2012 (and reviewed in 2017). In order to establish an evidence base to inform implementation of the strategy and the development of a national policy, a profiling exercise was carried out in 2011 with JIPS’ support.