Many individuals, who had fled their place of habitual residence in Kosovo as a result of the events taking place in 1998-1999 and in 2004, continued to live in protracted displacement. While finding solutions had been a concern to both authorities and international actors, for a number of years, emphasis had primarily been placed on returns (both to and within Kosovo), with less focus on other potential solutions or alternative preferences of concerned populations.
Relevant stakeholders, including from government institutions in Kosovo and Serbia and the international community, in 2013 agreed on the need to develop a shared evidence base to inform a more comprehensive approach to the displacement situation in Kosovo.
On these grounds, a profiling process was initiated with the aim of assessing the extent to which durable solutions had been achieved and to provide an account of the intentions of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in pursuing their preferred durable solution. Owing to the high level of coordination needed among a number of stakeholders, the exercise was finally completed in 2016 and the final profiling report with recommendations was released in 2017. It is also available in Serbian and Albanian.